Movement dysfunction can also develop from activities regarded as natural, but performed on an unnatural movement base. Having pre-existing fundamental movement limitations or asymmetries, causes people to perform these activities with compensation, leading to overuse, musculo-skeletal imbalances, pain, inflammation and injury. The activity often gets the blame, while the true cause is really the persons’ poor movement foundations. This is the largest category of movement dysfunctions, as the majority of people who wants to loose weight or get fit after some years of inactivity, engage in vigorous exercise without the awareness (or guidance) to first address their fundamental movement limitations. They are misled by the fallacy that if they move more, they will automatically move better. Unfortunately the converse is true, as long as they are moving poorly, the more distance, time or exercise load they move, the more compensation they will evoke and the bigger their imbalances will become.

Then there are acquired movement dysfunctions, which involves repetitive execution of special skill activities, which can be labelled as unnatural. For example, the bowling action in cricket might be on the border of a natural movement pattern, but the fact that is repeated for large volumes over a long period by professional players, creates an unnatural pattern and imbalance. The imbalance occurs since the repetitive bowling with one arm is not balanced with equal activity on the opposite side, and the cumulative effects of the one-sided pattern causes overuse, compensation, musculo-skeletal imbalances, and postural changes. Left unchecked these lead to pain, inflammation and breakdown.


Although the causes of movement dysfunction in anyone can rarely be pinned down to a singular event, it helps to categorize them for better understanding.

Firstly we’ll look at movement problems having it’s root in the developmental stages of life. The movement patterns we acquire progressively as infants, are fundamental to the movement abilities we need for the rest of our lives. Although we are intrinsically wired to learn these skills naturally, some do also learn poor movement habits, which usually goes undetected until they escalate into grave movement imbalances in later life. Furthermore, some experience delays or setback in the process of movement abilities due to denial or modification of movement challenges at specific stages of growth.

For example, parent’s obsession to have their baby walk as soon as possible through the use of baby walkers, rob infants of the opportunity to benefit from the challenges of crawling, an essential phase in movement development.

Many others have accidents and injuries during childhood, teenage or young adult life, also leading to altered movement patterns. Pain, inflammation, swelling, joint effusion and immobility all compromises neuromuscular coordination and control. Even after tissue damage and pain from the original injury has cured, the adapted movement patterns which was recorded below the level of conscious control, remain in tack. These altered movement patterns basically requires of certain muscles or joints to compensate for the injured or weak parts, allowing for temporary functionality. The longer the  body is forced to function under this state of compromised alignment and inauthentic stabilization, the bigger the overuse on parts that are now doing a job they were not designed to do, leading to suboptimal performance and eventually breakdown.