An FMS test

The FMS allows for holistic appraisal of functional human movement, and is based on sound fundamental principles.It serves to identifying and rate individual specific movement limitations and asymmetries, which limit an athletes potential for gaining from functional training and conditioning, as well as increases his/her risk of injury. These identified movement imbalances can then be addressed with individualized corrective solutions as directed by the Functional Movement System.

Although the FMS is designed for individuals who do not suffer from current pain or injury, it can also serve to monitor post-injury functionality. Since pain, inflammation, swelling, joint effusion and immobility all compromises neuromuscular coordination and control, injuries result in altered movement patterns which often remain intact long after pain is gone. Proper rehabilitation therefore need to also address the affected movement pattern/s to ensure full functionality and a safe return to movement or sporting action.

For those who do struggle with a current pain or musculo-skeletal injury, or who present with pain during the FMS, we use the SFMA. The SFMA is a movement based diagnostic system which helps the clinician to identify meaningful impairments in fundamental movement patterns. Working from the concept of regional interdependence, the SFMA focuses correctional exercise at movement dysfunction, not at pain.


How do we identify movement imbalances, and when do we know they have been adequately address? The Functional Movement Screen is the most innovative and reliable system available worldwide for evaluating the quality of movement patterns. It consist of 7 fundamental movement patterns which were designed to place an athlete in positions where any weaknesses or imbalances become noticeable to the administrator of the test. It therefore serves as a quantifiable method of evaluating basic movement abilities, with a strict scoring criteria for each movement pattern.

The FMS is part of the Functional Movement System, developed by Gray Cook, a practicing physical therapist, orthopedic certified specialist, and certified strength and conditioning specialist. As innovative rehabilitation and exercise professional, Gray recognized the need for a reliable and comprehensive standard of evaluating, understanding and improving movement amongst professionals in the industry. Most current protocols that exist are based on isolated muscle testing or joint range-of-motion techniques, or even computer representations that are scientifically detached from authentic movement.